TitleOutlier measures and norming methods for computerized adaptive tests
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsBradlow, ET, Weiss, RE
JournalJournal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics
Publication Languageeng
KeywordsAdaptive Testing, Computer Assisted Testing, Statistical Analysis, Test Norms

Notes that the problem of identifying outliers has 2 important aspects: the choice of outlier measures and the method to assess the degree of outlyingness (norming) of those measures. Several classes of measures for identifying outliers in Computerized Adaptive Tests (CATs) are introduced. Some of these measures are constructed to take advantage of CATs' sequential choice of items; other measures are taken directly from paper and pencil (P&P) tests and are used for baseline comparisons. Assessing the degree of outlyingness of CAT responses, however, can not be applied directly from P&P tests because stopping rules associated with CATs yield examinee responses of varying lengths. Standard outlier measures are highly correlated with the varying lengths which makes comparison across examinees impossible. Therefore, 4 methods are presented and compared which map outlier statistics to a familiar probability scale (a p value). The methods are explored in the context of CAT data from a 1995 Nationally Administered Computerized Examination (NACE). (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA )